The Strangest Aircraft Ever Built: The Soviet Union's VVA-14

Publisert 16. juli. 2021
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Thanks to Hangar B Productions for producing the incredible VVA-14 models used in this video, visit:

As an aircraft designer, physicist, astronomer, philosopher, painter and musician, Robert Bartini is often described as a genius ahead of his time. Throughout his life, he designed over 60 aircraft and made significant contributions to Soviet aviation. Although most of Bartini’s aircraft designs never left the drawing board, many of his aeronautical innovations were incorporated into production aircraft.

In 1965, Bartini was given a rare opportunity to realize the full potential of one of his concepts. With the emergence of American Polaris missile submarines, the Soviet Union needed a new kind of aircraft to respond. Bartini proposed building the ultimate submarine hunter. Designated as the VVA-14, it would be a truly unique and innovative aircraft. With a catamaran-like fuselage it would be optimized to fly within the ground effect (like other ekranoplan of the era), giving it endurance needed to fly long-range missions. It would also have wings so that it could fly like a conventional airplane if needed. Bartini would equip the VVA-14 with both a conventional landing gear for runways and a unique inflatable pontoon system to give it amphibious capabilities. Ten lift jets would allow for vertical take-off and landings (VTOL) from any kind of surface, giving the aircraft the ability to operate from the even most harsh and remote regions of the Soviet Union. Development would stretch nearly a decade, but like Bartini himself, the VVA-14’s design would end up being a little too ahead of it's time.

Select footage courtesy the AP Archive
AP Archive website: NOwine: and

Select imagery/video supplied by Getty Images:

Music used in this production (reproduced under license):

Intro Song: “Cold Mystery”-

Song 1: “Ambient Inspirational Documentary” -

Song 2: “Cold Mystery”-

Song 3: “Dark Horizons” -

Song 4: “A Dark Plot” -

Song 5: “Gladiator March ”-

Song 6: "Sweet Lo-Fi" -

Thanks for watching!


  • Never heard about it but seen it. Finally know by Mustard explanation.

  • I did not understand this plane before ... Thanks

  • The human mind has relentless capabilities to create something... Reality: I'm about to destroy this man's whole career.

    • The carrier version looks like something straight out of Command & Conquer. Very cool.

  • The carrier version looks like something straight out of Command & Conquer. Very cool.

  • 10:22 O come on

  • 7:17 make a video about this pls

    • Can you do a video about the ilyushin il-76

  • Odd that Bertini still managed to prove the ground effect was vaible, and yet nobody has bothered with the concept in the last 40 years. Despite being heavy and using materials and engineering from the 60s-70s it flew and the proved the ground effect -- so fast forward to 80s-90s-00s ... 2020... more modern materials (composites / carbon fiber / better and more powerful/efficient engines etc ...); they were concepting fly-by-wire back then and modern designs are calling more and more for it -- seems like a viable tangent to reexplore in the modern era. Hell they've even figured out vertical thrust since then (Harrier / F-35) -- the4 F-35 single lift jet produces 20,000 lbs of thrust so a modern version would either need less vvertical thrust jets or it could easily double the power output with a lighter/more durable frame. Seems catually vaible the more it's thought through with modern tech.

  • nice plane

  • it looks like a thunderbird!

  • Poor guy, died before he could realize his dream. Limited by time and money. His dream wasn't a selfish one and would benefit science and technology in years to come. Truly a shame. OH, WELL! At least B2-Spirit (my profile pic) made it into reality. And was proven so successful they went and re-engineered it for an upgrade. Now imagine an all-altitude amphibious stealth VTOL plane which could use that ground effect for fuel efficiency. It doesn't even have to be a bomber (>20t of payload btw). Make it a passenger plane. Or a cruiser for tourists with pervy things like opening the stealth surface to reveal transparent top and bottom, for watching the sky and sea surface. And even open that when stationary for docking of private aircraft and submarines.

  • Can you make a video about the X-15? Great video BTW

  • The burly whorl unsurprisingly blush because kayak prognostically cry before a noxious volleyball. homeless, uppity door

  • I remember back in the day I played Metal Gear Solid 3 Snake Eater on playstation 2 and I learned from that game what a ground effect vehicle was. I learned the concept there and then. Ah...good old times.

  • The genius and creativity of the Russian people is unmatched. It is truely a shame their government is too corrupt and broke for any of it to become reality.

  • Back when Aircraft industry is creative and outside the box. Now the aircraft industry is extremely lazy, with nothing exotic anymore, just all the same boring jets. I kinda think if the Soviet union didnt fall, there would more exotic stuff for us to see.

  • I always wondered what that thing was but I only found on image of it. This video helps alot

  • YES!! Just Yes! I was aware of the VVA-14 before, but never would have even hoped to find it on your channel. How cool ist that?!

  • The carrier version looks like something straight out of Command & Conquer. Very cool.

  • Love ur content.

  • Where is russian subtitles

  • Can you do a video about the ilyushin il-76

  • Bartini vs Waves... Waves win.

  • big dummy, turbo jets you say? it says turbo fans on the drawing

  • Ithula 5 6 kuutali

  • Mudi

  • Ulla thuki

  • Air

  • Mandai

  • Hey umm i just saw a video about United having supersonic planes on their fleet

  • Good plane Comrade Bartini.

  • Lookin like an x wing


  • It looks abandoned because they found alien eggs inside.

  • Stunning documentary and awesome graphics, never even knew this plane existed, thanks for bringing it to my attention.

  • Oh that´s where the plans for the Serenity are coming from ;) (And the Avengers giant flying thingy as well i guess gg)

  • Love this aircraft! #1 for me!

  • a version of this was designed for military use in the USSR some converted for civilian use. And a bunch are designed solely for civilian use. These vehicles are called ekranoplan. Some were literally designed to be super fast high speed armored troop carriers

  • Roberto Oros di Bartini was an Italian Engineer from noble origin. He studied at the University "Regio Politecnico" in Milan, than escaped to the Soviet Union beacuse of his political persuasions.

  • reminds me of planet Jupiter, Glory to King Zeus!

  • Kirov reporting

  • Unfortunately, genocidal thermonuclear WW3 is not too far away, please follow the latest news at "Countdown World News" page of RKK Book website. Humankind has been playing with nuclear fire since 1945, and the bottom line is, if we continue doing so, this fire will consume us one day. Now is the time to turn to God-given wisdom and make the only right step as it might be too late to do so tomorrow. We have responsibility to take a good care of our children and ensure they have a future.

  • So no one is going to talk about how the channel name is literally 'Mustard'?


  • لا تضعوا الموسيقى لأنها حرام قال الله تعالى ((( ومن الناس من يشتري لهوا الحديث ليضل عن سبيل الله ))) .الأية. وقال النبي محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم: (ليكونن من أمتي أقوام يستحلون الحِر والحرير والخمر والمعازف ). رواه البخاري معلقاً بصيغة الجزم . الواجب عدم وضعها

  • Looks like something out of halo

  • not sure if someone else has made this correction but the word for crossing oceans is "traverse" not "transverse"

  • -Do you want to engineer an airplane, an helicopter or a hovercraft? -DA.

  • how can this plane be in METAL GEAR SOLID 3 finale escape .. kojima is f***king genius

  • This video does highlight the double standards present in world politics, such as how the US took a hard line in 1962 against the Russian deployment of nuclear missiles in Cuba within striking distance of the mainland, and yet what often gets left out of the bigger picture is that by 1961 the US not only had submarines armed with nuclear missiles surrounding their coastlines, but also deployed nuclear missiles in Turkey and Italy completely encircling Russia with nuclear strike capabilities.

    • Ground effect: exists Soviet Union: it's free real estate


  • There is the rest of one of them at Monino museum in Moscow

  • Incredible video. Production value is top!!

  • Bruh the american osprey could have done the same mission than this big thing

  • Arghhh- metal gear....

  • Dang it I missed two episodes i really gotta sub

  • The X-15 next

  • Make a video about the XB-70 maybe?

  • Good Lord! Why can I push the like button only once!?

  • He was Just borned in a Wrong Country....

  • I didn't watch , just disliked video

  • I'm more interested in the civilian application mentioned, the cargo-ground-effect vehicle that has the load of a conventional cargo-ship and the speed of an aircraft. Just imagine what could be done with something like that.

  • This will put a smile on the faces of the enemy. They will think it's a huge robot dildo flying towards them.

  • When the video starts and you mistake a pair of pontoons for a screw drive...

  • Ground effect: exists Soviet Union: it's free real estate

  • Is this nile red? 🤔

  • 10/10 for pronouncing ‘Moscow’ correctly. 999999 Americans in 1000000 can’t do what you just did. Moss-🐄 indeed! There’s no wonder that the entire world thinks that folks from the US are slack-jawed knuckle-draggers.

  • A comparison between the VVA-14 and the Ekranoplan would be nice

  • looks like a metal slug boss tbh

  • The first iteration of the hercules star lifter c2....

  • He was of the same generation as Kelly Johnson who designed the Blackbird. Both these guys were so ahead of their time, that their designs still look futuristic some 60 years later.

  • The second time you said spacecraft my eyes fell out since they couldn’t roll any further back. It looks like an airplane and flies like an airplane

  • Captain rogers put it down

  • Ekranoplan is the Leviathan and Bartini is the Chimera

  • dat production quality tho

  • Crash into the sea!


  • Those visualisations required a bit of effort, bravo to the artists involved :)

  • Aww, Mustard. Come on, man!

  • The only stat that counts about this bird... it did in fact do the Kessel Run in less than 12 parsecs ✨🌠

    • @gkool I love to educate. Thank you for giving me the opportunity :)

    • @paul sharp thank you Sheldon

    • A parsec is a measure of distance not of time :)

  • A man ahead of his time.

  • Hey Mustard. I got randomly suggested one of your videos and I've enjoyed pretty much all of them. Any chance you could do one on the Harrier? Probably the most iconic VTOL jet fighter

  • Looks like fictional James Bond "moonraker 007"

  • why 1 wing is longer then the other?

  • If this became real then we could of had speed carriers

  • некоторые Советские руководители, сами обгадились от страха, что они могут создать. Поэтому и валили концепцию на корню.

  • if this aircraft design that takes advantage of the ground effect is so good, why haven't they become widespread for civilian transportation and such?

    • @slkjvlkfsvnls dfhgdght Pilots don't like flying that low,in some cases it's 2-4-5 meters from the sea surface. An aircraft with a huge turning radius doesn't have the problem of hitting a ship or a submarine that cannot appear in front off him all off a sudden but that can happen only to a ground effect vehicle. That was the reason they tested these things in the Caspian not the Black,Baltic or Northern seas.They were afraid that they would collide with someone in any other bigger waterway.

    • @Ranko Orović wait, why didn't the pilots like fkying close to water? and they fly at aircraft speeds, right? so isn;t the huge turning radius a problem for aircraft?

    • @slkjvlkfsvnls dfhgdght First problem was the engines that were filled with salt water to the point that for 1 hour off flight it required 20-30 of cleaning them from salt. Second problem was that if the there was any waves the vehicles,doesn't matter the type,couldn't take off. Third problem was the pilot's didn't like flying them because you need to be close to the surface of the water at all time. Forth problem was that because off the immense speed they had a huuuuuuge turning radius that meant that the only way off flying them was in an controlled environment where no unexpected objects would appear in front of them.

    • @Ranko Orović well, yeah. otherwise I would not have asked. however, I only want a short list of the major problems. not all of the problems. and it would also be nice if you can post a link with to a detailed article

    • @slkjvlkfsvnls dfhgdght Are you really interested?

  • It’s look like Virgin Galactic Spaceship

  • Perhaps this man was inspiration for Gerry Anderson aircraft.

  • Could you use ground effect on the clouds?

  • Soviets goal in aircraft was single handedly functionality and not beauty

  • This channel is a good example of what a real quality looks like. Amazing

  • Where do you find this cool shit. Kudos !!

  • Hovercrafts

  • I've never ben so happy and proud to see a video go viral. Godspeed Mustard

  • I'm amazed by the beautiful and realistic graphics. Great work!

  • Metal Gear Solid 3 anyone????

  • Love these Cold War megaprojects. Forget about pushing the the envelope, everyone was trying to blow it up with a railgun.

  • All I know is Eva flies Snake out of Tselinoyarsk in one of these WiGs just as the MiGs receive the RTB command. Then it was off to party all night... "Eva I need you!" -Snake

  • The Soviets really had wild imaginations!